Global Environmental Awareness on Climate Change
Forest Protection-Wildfire Science Series
Defining Climate Change is key for readers on a very pertinent subject for the current generation and their posterity.
Climate Change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.
Why does the series strongly recommend land and desert restoration with forests and other types of vegetation to ameliorate the environmental consequences of Climate Change?
— Because forests play a crucial role in rejuvenating ecologically embattled micro-climates and absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide.
The series in four-volumes showcases in Volume I, Part I with most recent findings that 38-countries controlling 83.4% of global woodlands are vulnerable to fires, so imagine the remainder 195 countries controlling less than 16% of forest lands but with combined populations of 3.5 billion. The very intriguing issue is Russia with 143 million people control 19% of global woodlands 3% more forests, that is about 2 million square kilometers more than the 195 countries combined.
Volume I, Part I
Volume I, Part I focuses on global environmental awareness on climate change, highlighting key prevention approaches in the United States and for the globe to reduce wildfires to the barest minimum because if wildfire destruction in 2005 in Alaska alone destroyed 20,234.3 square kilometers, an area the size of the State of Connecticut and City of Chicago, third largest city in the world combined vaporized in fires, then prevention of wildfire strategies and measures will be crucial in protecting forest environments. Imagine the tons of atmospheric carbon emitted into the atmosphere to exacerbate the consequences of Climate Change. This is what the 12-Prevention Approaches summarized in two chapters showcase in Volume I, Part I deal with.
Volume I, Part II
Volume I, Part II, focuses on global desertification and what environmental steps 83- listed countries could do to create heightened awareness to ameliorate and slow-down Climate Change by their involvement with global leaders and their law makers. Suppression strategies and tactics of all phases have been shown to protect forests against wildfires to slow down climate change. Below are the twelve countries with the most significant forests, policies and forest protection on wildfire histories, agencies and policies case-studied.
|North America||South America||South America||South America|
United States, Canada and Mexico are case studied for North America.
On South America, building capacity for forest protection in Brazil; Bolivia; Venezuela; Argentina; Colombia; Uruguay; Paraguay; Chile and Peru have been case-studied. Countries in other regions of the globe grappling with similar issues have a reference guide to use to deal with their environmental problems.
Volume II, Part I
Volume II, Part I, focuses on vital subject areas of forest protection in Europe and Asia, that will educate policy makers when they disseminate technological information to their environmental, forestry and engineering divisions in the respective countries.
Fire Weather, Fire Behavior, Topography and Fuels and Early fire detection technology in regions with critical problems on these subject areas in
Volume II, Part II
Volume II, Part II, focuses on Africa’s Ghana, Senegal, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Gabon and Mozambique highlighting capacity building strategies in prevention of wildfires and in Oceania’s Australia, wildland urban interface structure protection against wildfires is extensively showcased. New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and in Fiji Islands management of forests and protection strategies stressing environmental, forest and legal policies in managing land-use structures among national guidelines and procedures.
|DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO||PAPUA NEW GUINEA|
Forewords were written by:
–Michelle Steinberg: – Division Manager and Director: National Wildland Fire Protection Association (NPFA); Boston, Massachusetts, USA
–Dr. LIoyd A. Blanchard: – Former Director at Integrated Emergency Management Incorporated (IEM) and currently Vice Provost at the University of Connecticut, Connecticut, USA
–Bret Lane: – Forest Protection Director; Forest Protection Branch; Office of Forestry; Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
–Dr. Cornelis F. de Hoop; B.S, MBA, Ph.D; Associate Professor of Forestry & Forest Products; Louisiana State University Agricultural Center; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA
A major academic editor of Volume I, Part I and Volume I, Part II has being a friend:
Professor Emeritus of Yale University Graeme Berlyn
–E.H. Harriman Professor of Forest Management, Anatomy & Physiology of trees.
–Founding editor, Journal of Sustainable Forestry
–Lifetime Achievement Award, Botanical Society of America
Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06520; USA
The Series Showcases the three most convincing scenarios to prove beyond reasonable doubts that Climate Change is REAL!!!!!
(1). The Scientific and Data driven graphical evidence:
Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.
– Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
This graph, based on the comparison of atmospheric samples contained in ice cores and more recent direct measurements, provides evidence that atmospheric CO2 has increased since the Industrial Revolution. (Credit: Vostok ice core data/J.R. Petit et al.; NOAA Mauna Loa CO2 record.)
(2). This is visual evidence of global warming and climate change made for anyone that’s real.
Before 1950, you can see on the graph above that warming was not a problem on the Antarctica Peninsular, with penguins and heavy glaciers as white as snow were only visible.
Figure A: – By courtesy of Dominique Mosbergen: Huff Post, Published May, 24th 2017: Antarctica the desolate southernmost continent boasting the coldest climate on Earth, usually brings to mind visions of ice, snow and penguins. But global warming is transforming Antarctica’s icy expanses, new research from the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom shows. Parts of the continent are “greening,” researchers say and fast.
Today, Climate Change is Turning Antarctica Peninsular Green: Published May 17th, 2017
By Courtesy of Dominique Mosbergen: Huff Post
Figure B: – Denying what we see makes us irrational. Whether we believe it or not from now, we can take action at least for our posterity we know will live after us. We see wildfires sweep structures off their foundations and people flee, however climate change is insidious and its consequences are dangerous when it comes in hurricanes, tornadoes, tsunamis with little warning. Inaction cannot be a solution anymore folks after NOW. This is why the author continues to make a case that a global coalition will be key if all 233 countries can contribute by planting trees and vegetation to store the 40 billion metric tons of carbon the globe emits annually. Refer to “What Role forest alone can play in Reversing Climate Change”, Volume I, Part I, Page 85 & Volume II, Part II, Page 1,194. It can now be conclusive that Scientific Data from The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on Page 799 and what we see before our eyes on land is overwhelmingly convincing that global warming trends and Climate Change cannot be a hoax.
(3). The economic evidence that a law-maker, global leader, budget expert or minister of finance could use as global climate is changing.
There has been much debate in political circles over the validity of whether global warming and climate change are real.
Disaster relief on extreme weather events of the US government is one indicator of the consequences of such changes. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports that from 1980 to 1989, two to three billion-dollar disaster events occurred each year. That number has risen from nine to ten since 2010, quadrupling disaster relief costs in the last 35 years.
Extreme weather events’ disaster relief spending trends from 2011 through 2013 should inform any reasonable person that climate change consequences will have to be ameliorated or the more economic vulnerable countries if not every country is in for a major economic tussle. Inaction cannot be a solution.
Economic Evidence on extreme weather within 2011 through 2013
4). The series author believes that there is a strong mathematical correlation between the inexorable rise in populations globally, the rate at which populations are outstripping forest resources that crucially rejuvenate micro-climates and store atmospheric carbon that trap-heat causing global warming consequences, hence the climate change exacerbator.
The major recommendation to primarily improve or ameliorate the consequences of the menace is to forge a global heightened awareness: How forests alone can store global annual emissions of carbon to decelerate climate change, a global approach with 233 countries and territories, Page 85, Volume I, Part I. The environmental impact of degraded lands and desert restoration with trees and other types of vegetation could save the planet.
Population growth should not be co-related with climate change if humanity can restore globally degraded lands and deserts. This environmental overhaul will slow-down climate change by rejuvenating micro-climates and storing heat trapping carbon dioxide gas, that forms over 80% of total green-house gases.
When this major activity slows down climate change, other alternative sources of energy, clean coal, natural gas and other petroleum activities needed to accommodate the inexorable rising populations fossil fuel burning activities may not tilt an exacerbating environmental balance like it is doing to-day in 2017. At the end of the day, it is not overemphasizing that climate change and its consequences cannot be slowed down, however, it is every individual and corporation’s duty to fight climate change.